Over the years, the US has remained at the par as the world scientific superpower. Many of the American scientists have been receiving generous funds and support from the government. At the same time, the scientists have been receiving world-class training from world best scientific institutions in US and other regions.
However, the future of the US domination in science is approaching its edge. Many different nations have shown immense interest in funding scientific projects and research in the bid to uplift their scientific statuses. One of these nations is China.
Recently, China has successfully convinced the world on its ability to achieve scientific supremacy just like America or other nations with scientific supremacy. A research done by OECD Science, in the Technology and Industry Outlook of 2014, showed that China will be spending more on scientific R&D than US in a period of 5 years to come. This shows that China will make significant strides to improve in science more than other nations.
The OECD Science research showed that China spent about US $400 billion as the budget for science in 2014. By 2016, this budget was expected to rise to US $600 billion. This was a massive increase in 50%. By 2016, this anticipated increase in scientific budget in China was reported to have taken place.
On the other hand, in 2014, US spent $410 billion as the budget for science. At the same point, OECD Science reported that US budget for science will rise from $410 billion to $490 billion between then and 2016. This was an increase in 19% in the resources devoted for scientific advancement.
Comparing these two countries, China had invested more of resources in developing science. This can be seen in the massive 31 percentage gap between the two countries. The budgetary difference between them can predict the fate that the two nations will take in a period of 5 years to come.
The move embraced by China in scientific development shows great potential of improvement in science. However, some critics argue that China’s positive turn in scientific advancement is at the expense of the quality of research. Firstly, this criticism has been based on the lower quality scientific paper from the Chinese scientific labs.
However, since China funding sources only checks the quality of the scientific papers which are published during awarding of merit, there is not any potential that the nation will fail to acquire funding in the near future. Therefore, China will continue to become dominant in this field.
Secondly, China has given higher preference on infrastructure development rather than bench science. Therefore, with the resultant less well-equipped scientific labs in China, it may be impossible to achieve quality research papers from the available labs like other world nations.
Although the world scientific food chain has always ranked US at the highest level, it is apparent that in 5 years to come, we may not retain the same domination. The predictable scientific supremacy by China will draw our scientists to their better environments for learning. This might pose a real threat in American scientific supremacy.